Plastic To Fuel

All around the globe companies and individuals are starting to produce fuel from waste plastic. As only 8% of waste plastic is recycled in the U.S., 15% in Western Europe, and much less in developing countries, this reuse of plastic could potentially keep enormous amounts of plastic out of landfills and out of the oceans.

Why Plastic Waste Is A Problem

Over 500 billion pounds of new plastic is manufactured each year and roughly 33% of that is single use and thrown away. As so little plastic is recycled, we need to reframe plastic waste as an underused resource vs. one that’s destined for the landfill.

If all plastic waste made it into the landfill, it would surely be mined in the future, but currently all plastic waste does not make it into our landfills. The United Nations estimates plastic accounts for four-fifths of the accumulated garbage in the world’s oceans. We need to stop polluting our oceans with plastic before it is too late, and start collecting all plastics suitable for this new, fairly simple, technology, a technology that is available now.

plastic waste on beach
Image via: coastalcare.org

How Plastic Waste Is Turned Into Fuel

The technology is not overly complicated. plastics are shredded and then heated in an oxygen-free chamber (known as pyrolysis) to about 400 degrees celsius. As the plastics boil, gas is separated out and often reused to fuel the machine itself.

The fuel is then distilled and filtered. Because the entire process takes place inside a vacuum and the plastic is melted – not burned, minimal to no resultant toxins are released into the air, as all the gases and or sludge are reused to fuel the machine.

What Plastic Can Be Used?

For this technology, the type of plastic you convert to fuel is important. If you burn pure hydrocarbons, such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), you will produce a fuel that burns fairly clean. But burn PVC, and large amounts of chlorine will corrode the reactor and pollute the environment.

Burning PETE releases oxygen into the oxygen deprived chamber thereby slowing the processing, and PETE recycles efficiently at recycling centers, so it is best to recycle PETE traditionally. HDPE (jugs) and LDPE (bags and films) are basically polyethylene so usable as fuel as well, just slightly more polluting as a thicker heavier fuel is created. But additional processing can turn even HDPE into a clean diesel.

plastic waste fuel
“Polyethylene and polypropylene are pure hydrocarbons, only they are arranged in long chains. If you chop those chains into shorter ones, you get oil, if you chop them even shorter, you get diesel, and if you chop them again, you get gasoline and eventually burnable gas.” www.energeticforum.com


How To Help? Buy A Reusable Water Bottle

The best thing, of course, would be to stop using plastic water bottles completely. We recommend these eco-friendly, reusable water bottles.

  • Hydro Flask Insulated Stainless Steel Water Bottle
  • Stanley Vacuum Insulated Water Bottle
  • Nalgene Tritan Wide Mouth BPA-Free Water Bottle

  • Machines That Turn Plastic To Fuel

    In Niagara Falls, NY, John Bordynuik’s ‘Plastic Eating Monster‘ can even vaporize thick HDPE plastic into a cleaner burning number 2 fuel. Put plastic in one end of the machine and out the other end comes diesel, petroleum distillate, light naphtha and gases such as methane, ethane, butane and propane.

    The machine accepts unwashed, unsorted waste plastics, composites and commingled materials and returns about 1 gallon of fuel from 8.3 pounds of plastic. And the processor uses its own off-gases as fuel, therefore using minimal energy to run the machine. John has two massive steel processors up and running, with financing secured for three more to be built in the very near future.


    In the Philippines, Poly-Green Technology and Resources Inc. was started by Jayme Navarro whose sister asked him to come up with a way to recycle plastic bags. A plant is being built that will produce 5,000 kilos of fuel per day. www.polygreen.com.ph

    Plastic to Fuel Power Plants

    Cynar in the UK likes to call their product ‘End of Life Plastic to Diesel’ or ELPD. Their technology converts mixed Waste Plastics into synthetic fuels that are cleaner, low in sulphur and in the case of the diesel, a higher cetane than generic diesel fuel.

    They have two plants running in Spain. Each Cynar plant can process up to 20 tons of End of Life Plastic per day, producing 5,000 gallons (19,000 litres) of high quality liquid fuels at a conversion rate of 95%.

    Cynar will be supplying Jeremy Rowsell, a British insurance industry executive who lives in Australia, with all the plastic waste fuel he needs to fly a single-engine Cessna from Sydney to London this winter. Fuel will be in place at about 10 locations along the 10,500-mile route. The solo journey dubbed ‘On Wings of Waste‘ is intended to heighten awareness of this new fuel.

    The Future of Plastic to Fuel

    Of course, it would be the best if there were widespread environmentally friendly plastics in use, but in the meantime, recycling existing plastics into fuel would keep the plastics out of our waterways. This process is also excellent for difficult to recycle PP and PE plastics like bottle caps, appliance plastics, nursery planters and dirty plastics such as meat wrappings. This process is not suitable for PVC or polystyrene (styrofoam). This technology could also reduce carting issues, as companies that deal with plastic waste could build mini-burners on location. I am ready for a plastic collection can on my corner, how about you?

    A Cynar video can be found here: cynarplc.com

    Many questions as to which technology is the most efficient and least polluting…

    Plastic to Fuel Companies

    Japan. Sells International: e-n-ergy.com

    UK: Cynar produces a synthetic fuel suitable for all internal combustion engines: cynarplc.com

    Washington, DC: envion.com. Boasts easy installation, high efficiency, no second-time pollution. Plant converts 6,000 tons of plastic into nearly a million barrels yearly.

    Circle Pines, MN and International:  polymerenergy.com
    They have a modular unit that produces 775 liters of fuel for every ton of plastic waste processed. System capacity is rated at 185 tons per month.

    New York/Canada: JBI, Inc. plastic2oil.com
    20-ton processor, 4,000 lbs. of plastic feedstock per machine per hour.

    Phillipines: polygreen.com.
    5,000 kilos of fuel per day.

    Hong Kong: Ecotech Recycling Social Enterprise. Prototype machine can process three tons of plastic waste into 1,000 liters of fuel oil per day.

    Las Vegas, NV: general@quadraprojects.net

    Plastic to Fuel Resources

    UNEP Policy Brief on Plastic Waste: unep.org

    Northeastern University turns plastic waste into energy to drive generators: phys.org

    DIY for under $800.: energeticforum.com

    Peswiki Plastic and Energy page: peswiki.com

    plastic fuel burner
    This homemade device converts around 25 kg of shredded plastic into 24 litres of diesel in 4 hours. emuprim.lv

    Related Posts

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    Author: Keiren

    Keiren is an artist who lives in New York City. A lover of animals, nature, science & green building.

    Comments
    1. I am currently doing Chemical Engineering from Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi. I have a team of three members and desire to make a project on the same thing i.e. Waste Plastic to Oil. We are nearly amateur and can just desire for the time being to have a deep research on the system. For that we need to get ourself affiliated with your group and to have a sound and profound knowledge on the focal process. I shall be highly grateful to you if you aid me in this regard mentioned in the message.

      Have a great day.

      Thanks. Muhammad Nashit Rizwan, B.E. (Chemical Engineer).

      • we have developed commercial running plant from waste plastic to fuel ie petrol and diesel
        8712000900 call us
        visit our blog
        raajfuels.blogspot.in/

    2. Hello

      We are the well reputed company in Belgium from 25 years supplying Gasoline.We are interested in the converting the Fuel through Plastic or trash and want to do the same project here.

      Could you please give us all the quotations(cost to develop the plant) so that we can work further.

      We will be greatful to you.

      Kirti

    3. Dear Sir/Madam,

      I need consultancy to start small/medium size Plastic waste to Bio fuel industry in India,

      Please let us know the machinery required and initial investment etc., at the earliest

      With Regards,

      K Sudhakar

    4. Respected Sir,

      I want to make Fuel/Gas/Energy from Wastage Materials like Paper, Garbage, Plastic whatever we have throw out/use less materials.

      So, Kindly suggest a Machinery regarding it.

      Hope to hear soon from u.

      Kind Regards,

      Padia Praful

      Gujarat-India

      Mobile No.091 98791 28374.

    5. Respected Sir,

      I want to make Fuel from Wastage Plastic whatever we have throw out/use less materials.

      So, Kindly suggest a Machinery & setup cost regarding it.

      Hope to hear soon from u.

      Kind Regards,

      Ranjan kumar

      mechanical engineer

      mob no :- 8591583855

    6. Dear sir…salam alikum

      We need to make Fuel/Gas/Energy from Wastage Materials like Paper, Garbage, Plastic whatever we have throw out/use less materials. Could you Kindly suggest a Machinery to fulfil this criteria.

      Thank you for your time.

      Ali Nadhim -Iraq

      Email: alinadhim2003@yahoo.com

    7. sir,

      to removal of the oxygen ,why do not use the material of oxygen scavenger are used? the material like iron powder and also the Nacl are thermally stable,

    8. Sir/madam,

      With due respect i would like to requist your good self to kindly suggest me the machinery needed for converting plastic waste into usable fuel including set up cost and prodution process.

      Thanking you

      With regard

      Prabin Rai

      Bhutan

      +97517753068

      Email: pra.hotg@gmail.com

    9. Sir/madam,

      With due respect i would like to requist your good self to kindly suggest me the machinery needed for converting plastic waste into usable fuel including set up cost and prodution process.

      Thanking you

      With regard

      Prabin Rai

      Bhutan

      +97517753068

    10. Respected Sir,

      I want to make Fuel from Wastage Plastic whatever we have throw out/use less materials. So, Kindly suggest a Machinery & setup cost regarding it. Hope to hear soon from u. Kind Regards, Rajendra singh rana

      mob no :- 9111147459

    11. I want to start of own business so i fell that this is very good option for me . so i hope that please tell me about this training and machine where i purchase it .

    12. Hi there

      I’m trying to find someone to help me get onto the right track to cleaning up plastic around Indonesia. Now I’m looking at starting the same System as the Philippines Has started would love to know how or who you would go through to start looking into this. Thanks.

    13. I am very much impressed by how plastic can be made into fuel. I am writing from Ghana. I don’t want to set up such a means here in Ghana. I rather want to be a supplier of any plastic waste you would require. I mean any quantity.

      Our main problem in Ghana is uncontrollable littering. Education to stop that is ongoing but I think partnering with such a company to supply plastic waste would help save us from such mess.

      please do contact me through my e-mail above and let’s do business.

    14. Spear Transpower,

      242,Pushpak Estate,

      Nikatube compound,

      Phase-1,Vatva G.I.D.C.,

      Ahmedabad-382445,

      16th March 2016.

      Dear Sir,

      Good day,

      We would like to take this opportunity to introduce “SPEAR TRANSPOWER“,as one of the Plastic Ancillary manufacture in Gujarat ,Our Vision to reach the acme of perfection by products that are not only innovative but also high in quality.We are dedicated to achieving the milestones as well as keeping our customer completely satisfied .we are customer focused enterprise committed to excellence, service, reliability, integrity and high quality. We have been successful at our procurement mandates because of our:

      Ability to deliver our goods in a timely manner

      Ability to deliver quality goods to our clients’ specifications

      Competent Team and professional service.

      Spear Transpower are manufacturer of Hot air dryer,Hopper Loader,Dehumidifier Air Dryer,Air & Water Chiller,Granulator ,Volumatric dosing,Gravimeter Dosing, in Gujarat. We are also having wide Product Range like Silo , storage Bin, Regenerative blower,control card for plastic ancillary,high temp hose, anti static. PVC pipe,Pu pipe.

      If you have any inquiry please feel free to contact us. It would be highly appreciated if you could register our company name in your approved vendor list, for relevant business opportunities, so as to render our services to your esteemedselves in the foreseeable future.

      We also offer to you our OEM best rate, if you want to sell our product by your company name, we also provide you our all product with your logo & your company name.

      We would like to thank you for the time that you have taken in order to go through this letter.

      We would like to do spares business with your organization.

      Kindly give us one opportunity.

      With Warm Regards

      Shobimon M.J.

      Mobile:-7069466116

      Spear Transpower

      speartranspower@gmail.com

    15. Amazing piece of technology. we would like to set up the system in Tanazania. Kindly email me the cost of the machinery and the associated installation costs with all details of process. Much thanks.

    16. Sir/madam,

      With due respect i would like to request you to kindly suggest me the machinery needed for converting plastic waste into usable fuel including set up cost and production process.

      looking forward to hear from you.

      Thanking you

      Name:mutema wycliffe

      civil engineer

      Phone:+254700044762

      e-mail:wyclic14@gmail.com

    17. I am busy starting up various projects of this nature in Southern Africa. We manufacture plants of various sizes and capacities, from 120 liters per day to 2000 liters per day. Contact me for prices or to fund and get involved in projects we are starting up. You can find me on the web, my company name is Green Living For Freedom And Sustainability and we want to change the world for the better 🙂

      • More meneer van Rensburg,
        Ek spook al vir 18 mnde om diesel uit plastiek te maak.Ek kry verskillende resultate en weet ook nie wat se brandstof dit is nie.

    18. Sir, I appreciate the time you take out of your schedule to help us. I am interested in setting up a plant facility for recycling of waste plastic into fuel in Mumbai (India).

      Please provide us the details regarding the plant size and capacity, machine requirements with their specifications, area required, manpower capital investment and such other details that may be necessary to evaluate our project.

      Please provide us with a suitable project report that can help us understand better the financial details and help in executing our plans at the earliest.

      Thank you.

      With Regards,

      Annup borrge

      e-mail: annupborrge@outlook.com,

    19. I am a PhD. student in Michael okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State Nigeria. I working on this plant (waste plastic pyrolysis plant), for my Phd program.

      I would like you to send me your plant data, so that I can use it for my project analysis.

      Contact: igwejohneze4@gmail.com

      Thanks.

    20. Dear sir, i would like to know how much it will cost to get a local processing plant that turns plastic into fuel or oil. kindly also give me quotations for various sizes. The maim aim of my interest in this project is to see how i can help eradicate huge waste from my country Nigeria and also convert them to green energy. i humbly await your response

    21. i am student of m phil it is good to produce energy from plastic waste… could you plz help me that how we can control tje emmisions of dangerous gases??? or during this process various gases are produced these gases have any impact during the whole process??

    22. Dear

      With respected. I’m a student of BS chemical engineering and i have final year project ‘conversion of waste plastic into fuel by pyrolysis’ .I need some help regarding composition of flue gases in cyclone separator and inlet of distillation column.

      Waiting for your kind consideration

      Thanks

    23. I am currently doing Environmental Science from Kwame Nkrumah University

      of Science and Technology, Ghana. I have a team who desire to make a project on turning plastic waste into diesel. We are nearly amateur and can just desire for

      the time being to have a deep research on the system. For that we

      need to get ourself affiliated with your group and to have a sound

      and profound knowledge on the focal process. I shall be highly

      grateful to you if you aid me in this regard mentioned in the

      message.

      Kindly send me any information through my email above.

      Thank you.

    24. With due respect sir, regarding my final year project, which is related to the topic above ‘Design of pyrolysis plant to produce 100,000 tons per year from waste plastic’ I need to have the full knowledge about the project, in this case, i will like if you can send to me the material that contain the FLOWSHEET DIAGRAM, METHOD OF OPERATION, THE ESTIMATED RESULT etc. In my email address….pchikaodili@gmail.com

    25. Pingback: Hoooraaayyy - World Recycling Day! | Five Oceans

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