Washington Solar

the sun smiling on washington stateGoing solar? Good call. It’s the right choice for your pocketbook and for the climate. If everyone in Washington used solar power, it would take 15 billion pounds of carbon out of the atmosphere every year—according to the EPA’s greenhouse gas calculator, that’s the equivalent of planting a forest that would cover 13% of the state.

Solar power is a growing part of the energy mix in Washington. Nationally, the state ranks #28 in solar energy use.

Solar Energy Pros And Cons

The biggest advantage of solar energy? The cost—$0. For the average Washington household, generating all their own electricity with solar would save $1,046/year. Also, you’re doing a favor for the next generation. Instead of relying on habitat-destroying hydroelectric power dams, which produce most of Washington’s electricity, you’ll be producing your own clean, renewable energy. In Washington, residential customers like you account for 23.9% of the state’s total energy consumption.

The disadvantages: The cost of installation. The average solar installation costs around $20,000. Incentives like Washington’s Renewable Energy Cost Recovery Incentive Payment and the U.S. Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit can bring the overall cost down, over time.

How Many Solar Panels Do I Need For My Home?

The average Washington family uses 33,500 watts of energy on an average day. But how much sun they’ll get to generate solar power with depends on where in the state they live. In Wenatchee you can count on 5.5 hours of sun per day, on average. But families in Seattle only see an average of 3.5 hours of sun per day. The Wenatchee family will only need to generate 6,090 watts/hour while the sun’s out, but the Seattle family will need to make 9,571 watts/hour. The Seattle family would need nearly twice the number of solar panels.

Exactly how many panels would each example family need? Assuming they go with 250-watt solar panels, the math is simple.

Wenatchee: 6,090 watts/hour divided by 250 watts/panel = 24 solar panels needed.
Seattle: 9,571 watts/hour divided by 250 watts/panel = 38 solar panels needed.

To figure out exactly what you’d need based on where you live in Washington—and how much money you’d save—use this solar saving calculator:

Solar Trends In Washington

Washington’s energy is mostly hydroelectricity and wind generated by public utilities, has extremely cheap and prevalent renewables. Washington’s retail electricity rates are the lowest in the United States. However, good policies make the state a strong candidate for solar growth, and Washington already exceeds solar capacity in peer states like Oregon and Minnesota.

Washington Solar Policy

Washington has a modest renewable energy portfolio standard: 15% of the state’s energy must be drawn from renewable sources by 2020. This standard is made redundant, however, by the fact that roughly 75% of Washington’s electricity comes from hydroelectric and an additional 10% comes from wind power. Washington’s standard cannot, therefore, be regarded as a renewables growth mechanism.

However, Washington does mandate its utilities to provide net metering to their customers. Net metering deducts energy private solar/renewable operators have generated from the total cost of their utility bill and credits those small operators for any excess power generation that goes to the grid at large.

Washington offers generous incentives, including tax breaks, for the setup and interconnection of small scale solar.

Washington Solar Projects

Washington’s first utility scale solar facility, to be run by Northwest Energy, started development in Richland in 2016. It will have a 4 MW generating capacity.

A new IKEA store set to open in 2017 in Renton will be home to the state’s largest rooftop solar array.

Tacoma Power launched Pierce County’s first community solar array, a 75 kW farm, in late 2015.

Washington Solar Advocates

Solar Washington is a general membership nonprofit that promotes solar at the state and local levels.

Solar Installers of Washington is a solar industry trade group that advocates for pro-solar policies.

Northwest SEED is a nonprofit that promotes community energy products, including community solar.

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